Date of Award
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Purpose: The purpose of this sequential explanatory mixed methods study was to identify and describe the leadership strategies that exemplary elementary dual immersion principals in Orange and San Diego counties in Southern California use to create an organizational culture of inclusiveness using Kennedy’s (2008) five leadership qualities of cultural differences.
Methodology: This sequential explanatory mixed methods research study utilized quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews of 15 exemplary elementary dual immersion principals in Orange and San Diego counties in Southern California to identify and describe the strategies used to create an organizational culture of inclusiveness according to Kennedy’s (2008) five qualities of cultural differences.
Findings: The findings of this research study revealed that exemplary elementary dual immersion principals recognize the importance of creating an organizational culture of inclusiveness in ensuring access, equity, and inclusion for all students, regardless of their linguistic or cultural background. The quantitative data garnered from this study highlights the need for Kennedy’s (2008) five leadership qualities of cultural differences. Moreover, the qualitative data reinforces the implication that an organizational culture of inclusiveness is essential to the success of elementary dual immersion programs.
Conclusions: The six conclusions extrapolated from this study establish the need for exemplary elementary dual immersion principals to create an organizational culture of inclusion through (a) embracing all staff members regardless of position; (b) engaging in servant leadership; (c) utilizing face-to-face communication; (d) cultivating strong relationships, (e) promoting the free exchange of ideas, are open to innovation, and craft solutions benefiting all stakeholders; and (f) celebrating diversity to unify stakeholders and create a culture of acceptance and inclusion.
Recommendation: Further research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies identified in this study with other dual immersion programs, such as secondary dual immersion programs and programs with a target language other than Spanish. It is recommended that the strategies identified in this study be used to support the preparation and certification of new dual immersion principals and the ongoing evaluation of established dual immersion principals, ensuring equitable outcomes for all students regardless of their linguistic or cultural identity.
Smart, Stephanie K., "Strategies That Exemplary Elementary Dual Immersion Principals Use to Create an Organizational Culture of Inclusiveness" (2021). Dissertations. 372.